The rules and guidelines of sanitation and maintenance of hospitals and other health care facilities greatly differ from regular offices and establishments. There is absolutely no room for taking risks when it comes to maintaining cleanliness within a health facility; and it is of crucial importance that all rooms and areas are free from garbage, filth, and other potentially infectious substances and materials.
The first general rule of sanitation is to have a set of infection control rules and policies, which should be strictly implemented and followed by all employees. These guidelines should include the use of protective clothing, equipment, and cleaning products as recommended by other healthcare professionals, such as gloves, face masks, and chemicals for cleaning, which can prevent from having direct contact with hazardous and infectious elements and wastes.
Washing of the hands before and after cleaning is very important and the first step in preventing the spread of germs and other harmful viruses. Before proceeding to thoroughly disinfect an area or surface with germicides or diluted bleach, always clean and wash it first. Never eat, drink, or smoke, while operating cleaning equipment and using cleaning agents and chemicals.
Another important aspect of cleaning and sanitation involves the washing and disinfecting of all the equipment that were used. It’s also imperative that soiled materials are to be disposed of properly in a leak proof container. Proper health regulations on medical waste disposal are to be followed, as implemented by official public health officials.
As precautionary measures, always store cleaning materials in a safe storage room, which can only be accessed by authorized personnel. And always remember that all medical and biological wastes should be considered as potentially harmful and infectious, and should be treated as such in all cases. For more information on infection control and to report serious cases, contact the nearest public health office for further assistance.